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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 27-30

Traumatic dental injuries in schoolchildren and adolescents of Rural and Urban Areas of Aligarh, India: A prevalence study


1 Junior Resident, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Kamran Khan
Hamdard Nagar A, Civil Line, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_9_21

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Introduction: Traumatic dental injury is becoming a public health problem and burden worldwide due to its higher prevalence, costly treatment procedures, and its sequelae. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted among 1000 children aged 12 and 15 years of ten randomly selected schools of rural and urban areas of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, to evaluate the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries. The relevant findings of the study were collected by self-prepared pro forma and dental examination. Ellis and Davey's classification was used to record dental trauma in permanent teeth. SPSS 20 software was used to analyze the collected data from the study. Results: The overall prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in the present study was found to be as 13.5%. Children of 12 years of age (17.6%) were more affected with traumatic dental injuries as compared to adolescents of 15 years of age (12.8%). Schoolchildren of rural areas (15.2%) were traumatized greater than urban areas (11.8%) (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Dental trauma among schoolchildren was relatively higher in Aligarh and among which children of 12 years of age of rural areas were more traumatized with dental trauma than urban areas. Hence, preventive strategies must be implemented among children, adolescents, parents, and teachers to reduce the occurrence of such deleterious injuries.


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