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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 34-36

Effect of different prosthodontic treatment modalities on nutritional parameters of patients in Telangana, India

Sr. Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Nizamabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Phanindra
Department of Prosthodontics, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Nizamabad - 503 003, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_17_21

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Background: Oral health is a mirror of general health. Certain risk factors are common between oral and systemic diseases. The absence of teeth also affects oral health by altering the quality of life. Hence, the nutritional changes occurring in elderly patients following prosthodontic rehabilitation are evaluated. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients who underwent prosthodontic treatment for missing teeth were included in the study. Twice measurement of nutritional parameters was done: Initially at the time of diagnosis and then 5 months following commencement of the prosthodontic treatment. Dental analysis, evaluation of the diet, anthropometric assessment, and analysis of serum biochemical values were done in all the patients, and tabulated records were maintained. Independent Student's t-test and Tukey's test were done to assess the level of significance. Results: A total of 100 patients were included in the study. The complete denture (CD) group showed the highest alteration in the mean values of the nutritional parameters followed by the removable partial denture group. A significant change was seen in the body mass index, protein, carbohydrate, and iron levels among the different patients who were grouped based on the mode of treatment modality. The CD group showed significantly higher mean change in carbohydrates value compared with mean change in patients receiving fixed treatment. Conclusion: Our results conclude that nutrition and diet form an integral part of prosthodontic treatment to maintain the health of elderly population.

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