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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 45-51

A bridge between diabetes and periodontitis


1 Postgraduate, Department of Periodontics, Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences, Mahe, Kerala, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences, Mahe, Kerala, India
3 Professor, Department of Periodontics, Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences, Mahe, Kerala, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences, Mahe, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Prakash
Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences, Chalakkara, Pallor Post, Mahe - 673 310, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_14_22

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Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory multifactorial disease that affects the supporting structures of teeth, affects the quality of life, and causes the destruction of multiple organs, on the other hand, diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by increased levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Studies have shown that periodontitis patients have three times more risk of getting diabetes and evidence shows that cytokine, neutrophil, and inflammatory activity relate to both diabetes and periodontitis. This review article intends to cover the vast dilemmas that exist in relation to the double-edged sword; diabetes and periodontitis.


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