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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-June 2022
Volume 7 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-29

Online since Thursday, June 30, 2022

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  

Comparative efficacy of laser disinfection versus chemical disinfection in primary root canal – An In vitro antimicrobial study p. 1
Nikhil Khandare, Prashant Bondarde, Sudha Patil, Shoeb Mujawar, Aruna Vishwakarma
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_11_22  
Background: Conventional chemical root canal disinfection has been around for generations but it has its own drawbacks. Because of this there is a need for a better alternative for intracanal disinfection method. This alternative can be in the form of lasers, especially due to recent advances in laser technology. Methodology: The aim of the study is to compare chemical vs laser disinfection in primary root canal. This method has been tested in permanent teeth but not in primary teeth, this study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of laser disinfection compared to chemical disinfection. Results: The use of chemical disinfection by 5 ml of 5.25% NaOCl led to 96.7% microbial reduction against diode laser which achieved 97.7% reduction as compared to baseline microbial count and 34.4% reduction after irrigation using normal saline solution. Conclusion: Diode laser has similar root canal disinfection efficacy as compared to 5.25% NaOCl in primary canals. Diode lasers can be used as an alternative to chemical disinfection.
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A large study on lifestyle factors increasing probability of fistula and factors responsible for recurrent fistula p. 4
Hitender Suri, Deepika Suri, Kamalpreet Bansal, Sauvik Suri, Virendera Ghodke
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_10_22  
Background: Fistula-in-ano (FIA) commonly affects males more than females. Some differences in the characteristics of FIA between both genders have been recognized, yet the impact of these differences on the outcomes of surgery for FIA is still unclear. The present study conducted a gender-specific analysis aiming to assess the characteristics and the outcomes of surgery of FIA in each gender. Methodology: The records of patients with FIA were retrospectively reviewed and the following variables were extracted: patients' demographics, type of FIA, the position of the external opening, the operation performed, the incidence of recurrence, and complications, particularly fecal incontinence (FI). Gender-based analysis of the characters and outcomes of surgery for FIA was performed. Results: When a detailed case study was done, most patients having abscess with fistula were either on long-term medication (prolonged use of antibiotics) or immunocompromised. Out of 11.4% of cases of recurrent fistula, 34% were diabetics and 2.4% were HIV reactive, 18.76% were tubercular. Conclusion: The majority of FIA in males were posterior and high trans-sphincteric, whereas most FIA in females were low and anteriorly based. Despite the different characteristics of FIA; no statistically significant differences in the rates of fistula recurrence and FI between males and females could be recorded.
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

The latest variant of concern by the World Health Organization: An Overview p. 7
Tanushree Kapil, Rahul Srivastava
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_1_22  
The latest coronavirus strain – Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 – has been identified as the “variant of concern” by the World Health Organization and has emerged as a global concern. The mutations of its genome encode a section in its spike protein which is utilized to infect host cells. Omicron is more transmissible than its Delta predecessor and has rapidly become the dominant strain in the U. S. This article reviews the recent information and literature available for the Omicron variant.
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Mental health in coronavirus disease 2019: From small to tall p. 10
Vinit Shashikant Patil
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_2_22  
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide causing an unprecedented public health crisis. Strong social restraint, social distancing, and quarantine measures to prevent the COVID-19 spread have raised concerns about their mental health. Therefore, it is crucial to analyze and identify the psychological concepts and protective factors that support and constitute these guidelines and strategies and prepare practical suggestions and guidelines to protect the mental health of the children, adolescents, adults, and elderly during COVID-19. These discussions will facilitate a deeper understanding and expansion of these guidelines and strategies. Therefore, this review explores factors–including pandemic-induced stress, self-integration, self-efficacy, and resilience–to prepare practical and detailed suggestions and guidelines using studies that considered these factors, including coping with COVID-19-induced stress, social support, and physical activity.
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Various latest toothbrush design p. 13
Amrita Das, Monika Goswamy, Monica Mahajani, Vivek Choukse, Kuldeep Sudhir Patil, Sneha Shankar Chavhan
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_5_22  
Toothbrush has been a vital part of day-to-day routine across many cultures worldwide from the times of the distant past and ancientness to the recent 21st century. Over the years, numerous types of toothbrushes have been devised and designed till now. Some of the toothbrushes proposed the purpose of solving physically and mentally handicapped patients. It has been used in the reduction of dental plaque after various acceptability and tolerance of each device. We probably did not think of inventions along with the latest technology when we think of a toothbrush. Nonetheless, you should do so, despite the fact that the toothbrush has been around since 3500 BC. Electric toothbrushes were first introduced in 1969, and the modern toothbrush as we know it was invented in the late 1800s. Despite the addition of the latest technology, for example, Bluetooth to electric toothbrushes in latest years, supplementary technological advancements in these devices have been slow. Moreover, toothbrushes have not changed all that much in terms of design. Latest ways of thinking are emerging. Technology has progressed to the point where advances that we once only imagined are now becoming a reality. It is perfectly possible for creators who have somewhat that acquires the public's hearts in addition desires to finance their project with amounts of money they could only have imagined. The next 10 years or so appear to have the potential to bring about significant changes. This review examines all of the latest technology as well as innovation affecting toothbrushes.
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Enamel conditioning in orthodontics ‒ A literature review p. 16
Komal Nalawade, Aditi Subhashchandraji Sarda, Binny Dogra, Prachi Hundiwale, Ramiz Khan, Amit Handa
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_12_22  
The strength of the bond between the bracket and the enamel surface depends on three factors, namely, the retention mechanism of the bracket base, the adhesive material or bonding resin, and the preparation of the tooth surface. Commonly used adhesive systems employ an enamel conditioner, a primer solution, and an adhesive resin to bond the orthodontic brackets to the enamel surface. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different enamel conditioning techniques for bracket bonding.
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The scope of dental public health in India versus other developing and developed countries p. 19
Bhakti Datar
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_3_22  
India is a developing country, the second-most populated country in the world. Public dental health is a specialty branch of dentistry, the scope of which in India and other developing and developed countries is compared. In the early 1920s, the developing nations showed less caries, which increased at the end of 20th century. In developed nations, caries prevalence was more at the start of 20th century but reduced at the end of 20th century. This was owing to fluoride use and proper preventive measures. In India, nearly 70% of the population is rural based. Making it accessible for oral health care is the basic need. The scope of public dental health will be primarily prevention based. The aim of this review is to the scope of dental public health (DPH) in India versus other developing and developed countries. Our review concludes that the scope of DPH in India has definitely a wide range. Other developing countries too have to broaden their scope in DPH to cater to huge population. The scope of DPH in developed nations also does not become less as the underprivileged show high prevalence of caries.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Bilateral hyoid bone fracture associated with panfacial trauma - A rare intity p. 22
Satish Kumar Ram, Nikil Kumar Jain, Abhishek Dutta, Nishant , Prashanta Panda
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_6_22  
Fractures of hyoid bone resulting from trauma other than strangulation are very rare; hyoid bone fracture associated with panfacial trauma is even rarer. They occur more frequently in young individuals and in men more than in women. We report a comprehensive review of a case of bilateral hyoid bone fracture-associated panfacial trauma.
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Conservative esthetic management with in-office bleaching of dental fluorosis p. 26
Krishna Shah
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_7_22  
Tooth discoloration varies in etiology, appearance, localization, severity, and adherence to the tooth structure. It can be intrinsic, extrinsic, or a combination of both. Extrinsic stains are typically caused by tobacco use or by drinking coffee and tea, wine, and pigmented residue from food. This can be removed by regular dental cleaning and brushing the teeth with whitening toothpaste. Intrinsic teeth stains occur most commonly due to exposure of high levels of fluoride, tetracycline antibiotic administration and pulpitis, inherited developmental disorders, and trauma. This can be treated with professional bleaching or at-home chemical teeth-whitening products, porcelain, and composite veneering. Among these procedures, bleaching procedures are more conservative, simple to perform, and less expensive. This case report suggests that in-office bleaching is an effective and conservative method for esthetic correction of tooth discoloration in severe and mild dental fluorosis.
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