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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-June 2021
Volume 6 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-25

Online since Friday, June 25, 2021

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  

Effectiveness of pile relief device with special reference to hemorrhoids and fissure in ano among general population - A clinical study p. 1
Hitender Suri, Deepika Suri, Kamalpreet Bansal, Sauvik Suri, Virendera Ghodke, Gurjeet Kaur
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_6_21  
Background: Hemorrhoids and fissure are one of the most common anorectal problems. It is reported that 1 in 5 patients suffers hemorrhoids and fissure during their lifetime. Aim and Objectives: To study the effectiveness of “pile relief device” in the management of hemorrhoids and fissures among patients attending outpatient department. Methodology: Hence, a clinical study has been carried out among 1000 patients at Rana Piles Hospital, Sirhind (Punjab), to treat the fissures and hemorrhoids by a cryotherapy device called Pile Relief Device. Results: The result shown that there is significant regression of haemorrhoidal pile mass, healing of fissure mucosa, and no anal stenosis. Conclusion: The results were shown that the Pile Relief Device is effective over today's conventional line of treatment.
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Efficacy of antibacterial sealant to prevent microlekage at the implant superstructure interface – An in vivo study p. 3
Aishwarya Nayak, Ramesh Nadiger, Kishore Bhat, Preeti Ingalgi, Raghvendra Kulkarni
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_18_20  
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of antibacterial sealants to prevent microleakage at the implant superstructure interface. Materials and Methods: Around twenty patients were selected after a thorough investigation with lower missing teeth (1st and 2nd premolars 1st and 2nd molars) by inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into two groups Group A (10 patients)– Control group and Group B (10 patients)-test group. The implants were placed with proper surgical protocol in all the patients except that in the test group antibacterial sealant was used before putting the coverscrew. The implants were allowed to osseointegrate for 3 months after which swabs were collected from the interior of the implant once the cover screw was removed. The swabs collected from all the patients were immediately transported to the microbiology laboratory by placing in 1 ml of phosphate buffered saline. The swabs were inoculated on brain heart infusion and McKonkeys medium and processed for routine culture and sensitivity. The identification of the isolates was done by standard microbiological methods. The data thus obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using t-tests for equality. Results: Microbial growth was found in both the groups, but lesser variation in colony-forming units was observed in the test group where antibacterial sealant was used. Conclusions: It was concluded that in spite of using antibacterial sealants; some amount of microleakage was still observed.
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Effect of a school preventive program on oral health measures among children: A longitudinal study p. 6
Saima Yunus Khan, Arjun Unnikrishnan, Mahendra Kumar Jindal, Mohammad Kamran Khan
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_5_21  
Objective: Comparing caries status and oral health behavior in rural and urban school children can reveal different etiological factors associated with dental caries, which will help in planning appropriate preventive program. Materials and Methods: The present longitudinal study was conducted among 7–9-year-old children, 200 each from randomly selected one urban and one rural school of Aligarh city. A preformed questionnaire was used to assess the oral health knowledge, attitude, and practice. Caries status was recorded using decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT)/deft index. School health education was given to the same children of both the schools. These steps were repeated at 6 and 12 months. Results: By independent t-test, significant effect of dental health education was seen at 6 months (P = 0.029) and 12 (P = 0.000) months with respect to increase in knowledge score and similar significant promising results were seen for increased attitude and practice score at 6 months (P = 0.0039) and 12 months (P = 0.000) for rural group. Reduction in def score was statistically significant by Mann–Whitney U-test at 6 months (P = 0.04) and at 12 months (P = 0.03) for rural group. Conclusion: Planned health education given through lecture – live demonstration lead to reduction in the deft/DMFT score; change in the d/D component to either m/M or f/F respectively as the treatment need be; and progressive increase in the knowledge, attitude, and practice score.
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

Role of physiotherapy in management of orofacial diseases p. 11
Priyanka P Ostwal, Anisha Kaur Johar, Shubham Gupta, Swagata A Patangankar, Pratik Surana, Ruchi Gopal
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_10_20  
Physical therapy (PT) also known as physiotherapy is concerned with the evaluation, diagnosis, management of disease, and disability through physical means. Physiotherapy can be used for management of various orofacial diseases such as temporomandibular joint disorder, facial paralysis, myofacial pain dysfunction, oral submucous fibrosis, and trismus. It is a noninvasive, safe, convenient, and cost-effective treatment option that can be used as simultaneously with other treatment procedures. The present article provides insight of physiotherapy as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of oral-facial diseases.
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Dental implant failure causes, treatment, and diagnosis: A literature review p. 14
Kamal Sagar, Subramony Bhagavatheeswaran, Cheena Singh, Bhumika Gumber
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_4_21  
Despite the high success rates and stability of dental implants, failures do occur. The most important etiological factors for early implant failure are surgical trauma together with bone volume and quality, while etiology of late failures is more controversial. Occlusal overload and peri-implantitis could be associated with late failures. Suboptimal implant design and improper prosthetics also play an important role in implant complications and failure. Early detection and treatment of initial progressive bone loss around dental implants by mechanical debridement with plastic/titanium/gold-plated instruments, antimicrobial therapy, and regenerative therapy are the keys for the revival of early failing implants. The aim of this paper is to describe different causes of failure in detail and treatment modalities to deal with dental implant failure.
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A comprehensive review on vitiligo and its pharmacotherapy: Recent trends and future challenges p. 17
Asmaa Moafa, Fahad Khalawi, Nagaraja Sreeharsha
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_15_20  
Approximately 1% of population in the world is affected by an intriguing skin depigmentation disorder, vitiligo. Typically, a vitiligo lesions are seen as white milky, nonscaly patches with separate edges. Vitiligo is caused by a selective loss of epidermal melanocytes. In vitiligo, there is impaired melanocyte regeneration and/or multiplication. Although the proportion of the population affected by this disease is very low, the disease is associated with a lot of social stigmas. This defect has an important effect on the life of the patient and still a persistent load.
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Recent advances in pulpotomy medicament p. 22
Pratik Surana, Ankita Khandelwal, Ruchi Gopal, Rohit R Koppalkar, Sadia Aafreen, Shubham Gupta
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_11_20  
Pulpotomy is the most commonly used treatment modality used in cariously involved primary vital primary teeth. Formocresol shows a good clinical success rate over the period of years but concerns raised due to its toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity. The current review of literature provides an overview of recent advances in pulpotomy medicament that can be used as an alternative to formocresol.
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CASE REPORT Top

Prosthetic management of anophthalmic socket with an ocular defect p. 24
C Muhasin, IR Sreenath, M Shamna
DOI:10.4103/ijmo.ijmo_7_21  
Eyes are generally the first feature of the face to be noticed. Several ocular and orbital disorders require surgical intervention that may result in ocular defects. In this case report, an easy and economical method of fabricating an ocular prosthesis with improved esthetics and color matching for a 4-year-old child diagnosed with retinoblastoma is described.
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